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What Is Building Management System (BMS system)?

The Building Management System (BMS) for office buildings was created with the aim of making businesses that rent and use the building feel comfortable, convenient, and safe. This might simply be the office cooling system, elevators, electrical lighting, or even placing clocks in areas with high foot traffic.

However, in some cases, these services are integrated into a more complex, specialized, and modern management system. This system is called the Office Building Management System (BMS).

1. What Is Building Management System?

BMS (Building Management System) is a smart office building management system that allows you to control and monitor technical equipment, operate electrical, water, ventilation, air conditioning, fire prevention and fighting, security systems, etc., synchronizing activities within the building.

What is the concept of BMS?

What is the concept of BMS?

The Building Management System (BMS) includes:

– Artificial lighting and electric lighting systems.
– Office air temperature and circulation.
– Fire alarm systems.
– Server and data storage systems in the office.
– Elevators and movement systems within the building.
– Office supplies (such as printers, computers, projectors, etc.).
– Curtain systems and adjusting natural light from outside.
– Electrical and water systems in the office.

The BMS system helps the office's energy source to be provided seamlessly

The BMS system helps the office’s energy source to be provided seamlessly

This system ensures that all operating activities in the office are monitored, tracked, and managed, even in the event of incidents. It also ensures that energy sources in the office (such as electricity, water, Internet, etc.) are supplied seamlessly and without interruption.

In this case, the term Building Energy Management Systems is used interchangeably with the BMS term we are exploring.

2. Why buildings should use BMS for management

The BMS system helps managers understand how to operate the building in the most appropriate way for tenants and office users. By utilizing available data, any off-sync element will be immediately adjusted to the correct standard.

The BMS system plays an important role in building management

The BMS system plays an important role in building management

The smart building management system helps integrate all aspects of the office into a single control panel. This allows building administrators to easily control and make necessary adjustments quickly.

The effectiveness of BMS depends a lot on the quality and quantity of data the system can access. For example, the system can capture the ideal office temperature through the data it collects.

Today, many buildings are applying BMS systems in the building management process

Today, many buildings are applying BMS systems in the building management process

Nowadays, many buildings are applying BMS systems in their management process
Previously, BMS systems were usually only used for large commercial office buildings. Now, with the advancement of science and technology and the reduction in the cost of expensive equipment, more and more medium and small-sized office buildings are also using BMS for automatic management.

Families also use this system on a smaller scale, often referred to by the term Internet of Things (IoT).

3. Benefits of the Building Management System (BMS)

The BMS offers many benefits to building owners in the process of operation and data control:

– Better control and management of buildings.
– Data collection and reporting.
– Increased labor productivity.
– Easy feedback on operational issues.
– Reduced management and operation costs.
– More efficient use of office equipment, timely replacement of old or broken equipment.
– Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
– Improvement of office equipment lifespan.
– Increased building safety.

4. Structure of the Building Management System (BMS)

The structure of the Building Management System (BMS) is typically divided into 4 levels as follows:

4.1 Executive level

The executive level includes data collection devices (inputs) such as sensor systems, cameras, card readers, etc., and operating devices (outputs) like fans, air conditioners, lights, horns, bells, speakers, pumps, valves, motors, etc.

The structure of the building management system (BMS) is usually divided into 4 levels

The structure of the building management system (BMS) is usually divided into 4 levels

Sensor devices at the executive level are often used to measure environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, light, etc., and operational parameters of devices like electricity usage, water flow, etc. Operating devices at the executive level are often used to control devices in the building such as adjusting temperature, turning lights on and off, etc.

4.2 Control level

The control level is the intermediary between the executive level and the monitoring control level. Its task is to collect data from sensors at the executive level and send this data to the monitoring control level. The control level also controls the operating devices at the executive level according to commands from the monitoring control level.

Control devices at the control level are usually microprocessor controllers (DDC) or programmable logic controllers (PLC).

4.3 Monitoring control level

The monitoring control level is the intermediary between the control level and the management level. Its task is to collect data from the control levels and process this data to make control decisions.

Control and monitoring devices are usually computers or computer systems

Control and monitoring devices are usually computers or computer systems

4.4 Management Level

The management level is the highest tier of the BMS hierarchy. It is tasked with the supervision and control of the entire BMS system. Furthermore, the management devices in this tier are typically computers or computer systems.

5. Features of the Building Management System (BMS)

BMS is a system that can help you manage and operate a building effectively with various functions:
– Monitoring and controlling the technical systems within the building:
BMS can save energy by adjusting the operation of technical systems in the building according to actual demand.
BMS can enhance comfort and safety for building users by adjusting temperature, lighting, and other environmental parameters within the building.
Enhancing the operational capability of the building by providing essential information to building managers.
The specific features of the BMS can be tailored according to the size and requirements of the building.

6. BMS Applications in Smart Building Management

The Smart Building Management System (BMS) is a control and monitoring system for the entire technical systems in modern high-rise buildings. Therefore, BMS can be applied in practice as follows:
* In office buildings: BMS is used to adjust temperature, humidity, lighting, etc., in each area, meeting the needs of the users. BMS also helps monitor and alert for incidents such as fires, power outages, etc.
* In shopping centers: BMS is used to control lighting systems, air conditioning systems, ventilation systems, etc., ensuring a comfortable and safe environment for customers. BMS also helps manage parking lots, security camera systems, etc.
BMS's application in building management
BMS’s application in building management
* The BMS system is effectively applied in many building management activities
In hospitals: BMS is used to control air conditioning systems, ventilation systems, lighting systems, etc., ensuring a clean, cool, and safe environment for patients. BMS also helps monitor medical equipment, fire alarm systems, etc.
* In factories: BMS is used to control electrical systems, water systems, air conditioning systems, ventilation systems, etc., ensuring safety and production efficiency. BMS also helps monitor production equipment, fire prevention systems, etc.
Overall, BMS is an important system that helps improve operational efficiency, ensure safety, and enhance convenience for buildings.

7. Buildings Managed by the BMS System

Currently, many buildings in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have integrated the Building Management System (BMS) into their operational processes. The application of BMS has brought many benefits, contributing to enhancing operational efficiency, ensuring safety, and improving convenience for buildings.
Currently, there are many buildings being managed by the BMS system and bringing good management efficiency
Currently, there are many buildings being managed by the BMS system and bringing good management efficiency
Here are some office buildings in Vietnam that have effectively applied the BMS system in their management:
– Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower (Hanoi)
– Tasco Building
– Bitexco Financial Tower
– Deutsches Haus
– Vietcombank Tower
– Saigon Centre Tower
– Saigon Times Square
The Building Management System (BMS), as a powerful tool, not only helps investors increase the value of the building but also supports the building management team in reducing manual work and complex operations. Operating a building with BMS not only brings superior efficiency but also optimizes resources, saves time, and reduces costs.
If you are looking for office space in buildings that have integrated the Building Management System (BMS), contact Maison Office for detailed information and advice on offices that suit your needs!
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